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  • 1 توسط rahimi_gnu

موضوع: How Config PIX Firewall

  
  1. #1
    نام حقيقي: Majid

    خواننده
    تاریخ عضویت
    Jan 2010
    محل سکونت
    Isfahan
    نوشته
    80
    سپاسگزاری شده
    27
    سپاسگزاری کرده
    34

    How Config PIX Firewall

    سلام


    config یک PIX برای اینکه از طریق اینترنت اجازه بدیم فقط وب سایت داخلی شبکه را باز کنه ، چطوری میشه انجام داد ؟

    ار راهنماییتون ممنونم



    موضوعات مشابه:





  2. #2
    نام حقيقي: Ali Imani

    عضو غیر فعال
    تاریخ عضویت
    May 2010
    محل سکونت
    tehran
    نوشته
    27
    سپاسگزاری شده
    13
    سپاسگزاری کرده
    10
    سلام دوست عزیز
    لطفا اطلاعات بیشتری از شبکه خودتون بدید تا دوستان بهتر بتونن کمکتون کنند.
    1-آیا از فایروال در حال حاضر در شبکه استفاده میشه؟اگه جواب بله . چه استفاده های با چه کانفیگی؟
    2- مدل دقیق فایروال چیه؟
    و ....


    SMajidCS سپاسگزاری کرده است.

  3. #3
    نام حقيقي: 1234

    مدیر بازنشسته
    تاریخ عضویت
    Jul 2009
    محل سکونت
    5678
    نوشته
    5,634
    سپاسگزاری شده
    2513
    سپاسگزاری کرده
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    Cisco PIX 500 Series Security Appliances Configuration Examples and TechNotes - Cisco Systems

    Cisco PIX Firewall Basics

    OR


    کد:
    http://www.secmanager.com/how_to_configure_pix_firewall_part1

    How to Configure Cisco PIX Firewall Part I


    • Cisco

    How to Configure PIX Firewall.
    Abstract:

    Please find below a step by step process to configure the PIX Firewall from scratch. A simple scenario is given here where you have a corporate network with a PIX Firewall connected to the Internet through the Outside Interface, Internal Network through the Inside interface and DMZ through the DMZ Network. This paper would assist you in a simple step by step, near complete configuration for a PIX Firewall running a midsized corporate network

    The Outside Network is connected to the internet through a Internet Router. The Inside Network is connected to a switch to the Internal Clients or Inside Hosts. The DMZ network consists of two servers, the Web server and the WEB server.
    Note: An effort has been made to keep this paper as simple as possible for the newbies. Much theory is not covered as you have numerous sites on the internet from where you can read that stuff.. Referral Links are given from time to time for more detailed configuration from Cisco website for Reference purpose.
    A Simple Network Diagram




    The first thing in configuration is getting connected to the pix firewall. You use the console cable to connect the cable to the console port of the pix firewall. The other end goes to the serial port of your computer. You can then use a terminal emulation software to get connected to the prompt. For Windows users, HyperTerminal is a good option.
    The next step is booting the Firewall.
    When a non-configured PIX Firewall boots up, it prompts to preconfigure it through interactive prompts. If you press Enter to accept the default answer of yes, you are presented with a series of prompts that lead you through the basic configuration steps:
    Pre-configure PIX Firewall now through
    interactive prompts [yes]? Enable Password []: abc123
    Clock (UTC)
    Year [2002]:
    Month [Aug]:
    Day [2]: 12
    Time [2:45:37]: 12:22:00
    Inside IP address: 10.1.1.1
    Inside network mask: 255.255.255.0
    Host name: pixfirewall
    Domain name: secmanager.com
    IP address of host running
    PIX Device Manager: 101.1.111
    Use this configuration and write to flash? Y
    The above can also be achieved by entering the setup command in privileged mode.
    The pix Firewall has four modes of Operation as given below:
    • Unprivileged mode: This mode provides a restricted, limited, view of PIX Firewall settings. Example : pixfirewall>
    • Privileged mode: This mode enables you change the current firewall settings. Example: pixfirewall#
    • Configuration mode: This mode enables you to change the system configurations of the firewall. Example pixfirewall(config)#
    • Monitor mode: This mode is used to update the image over the network, perform password recovery or backup the configuration onto the TFTP server
    In case you don’t want to use the setup command for the configuration, you can use the console connection and configure as follows:
    Priveleged mode
    The first step is to enter the privileged mode:
    Pixfirewall> en
    Password: (Enter or Cisco, for more information refer to the configuration manuals that came with the firewall)
    Pixfirewall#
    Changing password
    The next step is to change the enable password on the firewall:
    Pixfirewall# enable password abc123
    The next step is to enter the configuration mode for changing the system configurations. To enter the config mode, enter the following command:
    Pixfirewall# configure terminal (or popularly conf t)
    Pixfirewall (config) #
    Give a Hostname to the firewall.
    You might want to give a hostname to the firewall. You can use the hostname command to do this.
    Pixfirewall (config) #hostname CorpFW1
    CorpFW1(config)#
    To save the information, use the write memory command or simply wr mem.
    CorpFW1(config)# write memory
    For purposes of this document, we continue to give the firewall the name “Pixfirewall”. So let us change the name back to Pixfirewall
    CorpFW1(config)# hostname Pixfirewall
    Pixfirewall (config) # wr mem
    Setup the console timeout:
    Next, you might want to setup the console timeout for security reasons. The default timeout is 0, which means unlimited.
    Pixfirewall (config) # console timeout 5
    This means you have setup a console timeout of 5 minutes ( the value can be set from 0-60 minutes) which means after a idle time of 5 minutes, the session will be closed.
    Setup a banner to your Pix firewall.
    You can do this with the banner command:
    Pixfirewall (config) # banner exec Unauthorized access will be prosecuted.
    There are also two other commands available:
    banner login
    banner motd
    To remove banner you use the no banner or clear banner commands.
    Naming an Interface:
    The first two interfaces would have the default names of inside and outside. While inside interface has a security level of 100, the outside interface has a default security level of 0.
    Let us configure the Ethernet 2 interface as the dmz.
    Pixfirewall (config) # nameif ethernet2 dmz sec60
    In this example, we are assigning a security_level of 60 to the DMZ network.
    Configure the Interface:
    Now let us turn the interface on and configure the speeds for these interfaces:
    Pixfirewall (config) # interface ethernet0 100full
    Pixfirewall (config) #interface ethernet1 100full
    Pixfirewall (config) #interface ethernet2 100full
    Assign IP Address to the Interface:
    Pixfirewall (config) # ip address outside 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0
    Pixfirewall (config) # ip address inside 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
    Pixfirewall (config) #ip address dmz 172.16.16.1 255.255.255.0
    You can use the “show ip” command to view the ip address information and “clear ip” command to remove all assigned IP addresses from all interfaces.
    Route Commands:
    Now let us setup the routing information on the pix firewall.
    This is the default route, where we are configuring the next hop of the default route to the IP address of the Internet Router which is 192.168.1.100
    Pixfirewall (config) # route outside 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.1.100 1
    Pixfirewall (config) # route inside 10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 10.1.1.1 1
    Pixfirewall (config) # route dmz 172.16.17.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.16.1 1
    So using these route commands you are telling the PIX router that route the traffic for 10.0.0.0/8 network to inside, 172.16.17.0/24 network to dmz. The default route is set for outside, which means for all other networks, route the traffic through the outside interface.

    ************************************************** ****************************


    ************************************************** ****************************

    کد:
    http://www.secmanager.com/how_to_configure_pix_firewall_part2
    How to Configure Cisco PIX Firewall Part II


    Please find below a step by step process to configure the PIX Firewall from scratch. A simple scenario is given here where you have a corporate network with a PIX Firewall connected to the Internet through the Outside Interface, Internal Network through the Inside interface and DMZ through the DMZ Network. This paper would assist you in a simple step by step, near complete configuration for a PIX Firewall running a midsized corporate network

    This is part II of the How to Configure Pix Firewall, a step by step approach.
    This is in continuation of the Part I of the series.

    A Simple Network Diagram




    Network Address Translation:
    Let us take a simple scenario to explain this section. Let us say that all the computers in the inside network want internet access. NAT also allows you to keep your internal IP hidden from the outside network. To achieve this you need to implement address translation. You do this using the “nat” and “global” commands.
    The NAT command:
    Pixfirewall (config) # nat (inside) 1 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0
    In this example, the nat (inside) 1 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 command means that all outbound connections from a host within the specified network, 10.1.1.0, can pass through the PIX Firewall (with address translation).
    Global command:
    Pixfirewall (config) #global (outside) 1 192.168.1.10-192.168.1.50
    This means that use the IP address from 192.168.1.10 to 192.168.1.50 for NATing the traffic coming from the inside interface.
    There is also another simple way for allowing internet /outside access to the inside network using PAT or port address translation. What this would do is hide all the internal networks behind the outside interface of the PIX firewall and transmit traffic using Port Address Translation. One limitation to this approach is that at a time it can process only less than 64000 client computers. But in most cases, this is more than enough.
    PAT using Global:
    Pixfirewall (config) # global (outside) 1 interface
    Now, let us configure the two servers in the dmz network, the webserver and the mailserver. The wish list is to allow traffic from anywhere to reach the webserver on http, https and ftp and traffic from anywhere to reach the mail server on the smtp port.
    To do this we need to setup statics and access-lists.
    Setting up Static’s:
    Pixfirewall (config) #static (dmz,outside) 192.168.1.2 172.16.16.2 netmask 255.255.255.255 0 0
    Pixfirewall (config) # static (dmz,outside) 192.168.1.4 172.16.16.4 netmask 255.255.255.255 0 0
    Having configured the statics, now let us move on to configure the object-groups that would be used in configuring the access-list
    Configuring object-groups:
    Pixfirewall (config) #object-group service webservices tcp
    Pixfirewall (config-service) # port-object eq http
    Pixfirewall (config-service) # port-object eq https
    Pixfirewall (config-service) # port-object eq ftp
    Pixfirewall (config-service) # exit
    Pixfirewall (config) #
    Now let us configure the access-lists to allow access to the dmz networks from outside and also to the other interfaces:
    Configuring Access-list:
    Pixfirewall (config) # access-list external permit tcp any host 192.168.1.2 object-group webservices
    Pixfirewall (config) # access-list external permit tcp any host 192.168.1.4 eq smtp.
    Pixfirewall (config) #access-list external deny ip any any
    (This is a any any drop rule. Place this at the end of the access-lists. This acl won’t allow any other traffic that is not explicitly allowed to get into the firewall. This is often helpful in checking the number of hits on this acl from outside for troubleshooting or analysis purposes.)
    Pixfirewall (config) #access-list internal permit ip 172.16.16.0 255.255.255.0 10.1.1.0 255.255.255.0
    Pixfirewall (config) # access-list internal deny ip any any
    Pixfirewall (config) # access-list dmz permit ip 10.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.16.0 255.255.255.0
    Pixfirewall (config) #access-list dmz deny ip any any
    Now map these access-lists to access-groups for these access-lists to work properly:
    Configuring Access Groups:
    Pixfirewall (config) #access-group external in interface outside
    Pixfirewall (config) # access-group internal in interface inside
    Pixfirewall (config) #access-group dmz in interface ethernet2
    With this we have configured the PIX firewall for a normal office setup.
    These commands will be helpful in checking the configuration of the pix firewall and also in troubleshooting, analysis and fine tuning.
    Useful Commands:
    show config
    show blocks
    show checksum
    show conn
    show cpu usage
    show history
    show memory
    show processes
    show routing
    show running-config
    show startup-config
    show tech-support
    show tcpstat
    show traffic
    show uauth/clear uauth
    show version
    show xlate/clear xlate
    Note: There is a lot that you can do with the PIX firewall. This document is just a simple guide for a easy setup. It covers most popular setups. In case you need any further information please refer to Cisco website at Cisco Systems, Inc
    Further reference:
    You can also refer to the Getting Started document for more detailed information from the Cisco Website:
    http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/...080172790.html
    Cisco PIX Firewall Command Reference, version 6.3
    http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/...08017284e.html




    ویرایش توسط patris1 : 2010-05-14 در ساعت 07:04 AM
    pardazande و SMajidCS سپاسگزاری کرده‌اند.

  4. #4
    نام حقيقي: رحيمي

    خواننده شناسه تصویری rahimi_gnu
    تاریخ عضویت
    Mar 2010
    محل سکونت
    N/A
    نوشته
    104
    سپاسگزاری شده
    27
    سپاسگزاری کرده
    26
    تعیین security level برای کارت شبکه ها مهمه! چون موقع استاتیک nat فقط از لول پایین با بالا امکانپذیر هست(دسترسی به سرورهای DMZ) و موقع دسترسی دادن کاربران یک شبکه مانند LAN که پشت inside (sec level 100) هستند به شبکه اینترنت که پشت outside(sec level 0) هستند از دستورات nat , global استفاده میکنی. بعدش هم که با نوشتن access-list و انتصاب اونا به هر کارت شبکه با دستور access-group میتونی رولهای خودتو بنویسی.
    در ضمن با نصب یک ماجول PIX 4FE میتونی تعداد کارت شبکه هاتو در مدل 515E تا عدد 6 برسونی!
    موفق باشید


    SMajidCS سپاسگزاری کرده است.

کلمات کلیدی در جستجوها:

ریکاوری پسورد فایروال pix 515e

cisco pix 515e password recovery

cisco pix firewall

مثال دستوراتnat access list

pix فایروال

اطلاعاتي درباره فايروال pIX

کانفیگ pix firewall

درباره فايروال pix

درباره فایروال pix

config pix dmz

فایروال pix

Password Recovery فایروال pix 515e

دستورات فايروال pix 515

درباره فايروال PIX 515

tenor port mapping

پسورد login فایروال pix

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